GRIHA Council

What is GRIHA Council?
GRIHA Council, is an independent society for the interaction on scientific and administrative issues related to sustainable habitats in India. GRIHA Council promotes GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) as a design and evaluation tool for green buildings and habitats.


Is a certified professional required to prepare the documentation for GRIHA rating?
The selection of a facilitator for GRIHA project documentation depends on the client. It is a plus point for the facilitator to be GRIHA certified evaluator/trainer.
At what stage of the building construction/ operation is the rating conferred?
Once the project is registered, regular site visits are conducted to facilitate compliance on site. Complete GRIHA documentation is evaluated on completion of construction, and installation of relevant/ applicable strategies/ systems on project site, before award of provisional rating.
The final rating is awarded after a post occupancy audit conducted by a BEE accredited auditor and approval of the findings by GRIHA.
This final rating is valid for a period of five years.
Information on the GRIHA rating process is available on our website.
Can we go for GRIHA for any food outlet or any restaurant?
Yes. All upcoming building projects except industrial buildings can apply to get GRIHA rated.
How can I earn the GRIHA certification?
You can be a certified GRIHA Evaluator or Trainer by participating in the GRIHA 3 day EnT programme, and getting through the qualifying exam.
Is there any study material that I can read through?
The GRIHA Manual of five volumes. It is available at link
Online manuals are available at link
When is your next training and how can I enroll in it?
Please register your interest for participating in training programmes at link
What are the benefits of being a GRIHA certified professional?
The GRIHA capacity building programme helps to equip consultants with details of making projects GRIHA compliant. The Trainers may guide their registered projects towards GRIHA certification and contribute as faculty for various programmes. The evaluators may be approached for third party evaluation of projects seeking to receive a rating.
I wish to apply for membership of GRIHA as an individual. May I know the procedure and fees details? As an academician wish to know how beneficial it is to become a member.
We do not have a membership programme for individuals at the time being. However, we do have a GRIHA Evaluators & Trainers programme. This is a certification process that is comprised of a 3 day GRIHA training programme concluding in a written test. We shall recommend you join us in one of these programmes in the city convenient to you.
The GRIHA programmes are organized at various parts of the country. If you are interested you may fill the expression of interest form for the training programme on our website in the events section. So that we may get in touch with you whenever the programme is being organized in your preferred location.
Could you please confirm if GRIHA ratings are applicable to industrial projects as well?
GRIHA does not rate industrial buildings. However GRIHA does rate office and other non-industrial buildings located inside industrial complexes.


What is GRIHA rating?
GRIHA, an acronym for Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment, is the national rating system for green building in India. GRIHA has been conceived by TERI and developed jointly with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India. It is a green building 'design evaluation system', and is suitable for all kinds of buildings in different climatic zones of the country.
What are the thresholds for different rating levels under GRIHA?
Points scored Rating
50–60 One star
61-70 Two star
71-80 Three star
81-90 Four star
91-100 Five star
What is the process of GRIHA rating?
  • Online registration for GRIHA
  • Payment of fees
  • Orientation workshop by GRIHA Council
  • Compliance on site through site audit by GRIHA Council
  • Online Submission of documents by project proponent
  • 1st evaluation of documentation by GRIHA Council
  • Incorporation of comments on documentation by project proponent
  • 2nd evaluation by subject specific evaluators
  • If required, clarifications sought from client
  • 3rd evaluation by evaluators
  • Compilation of score by GRIHA Council
  • Provisional Rating awarded by NAC (National Advisory Council)
  • Performance audit/ energy audit by BEE accredited auditor
  • Evaluation of audit report by GRIHA Council
  • Award of final rating by NAC

Please refer the GRIHA Manual / for details of the process.

What is the size of project which can be registered under GRIHA?
For projects to register with GRIHA rating their built up area should be equal to or greater than 2500 sqm.
What are the prospects of projects less than 2500 sqm area?
For projects with built up area less than 2500 sqm, a new rating system called SVA GRIHA (Small Versatile Affordable GRIHA) has been developed. SVA GRIHA is an extension of GRIHA and specially designed for smaller buildings.
At what stage can the project be registered for GRIHA rating?
The recommended time for registering the project with GRIHA is during the design stage, however projects which are in the beginning of the construction stage can also register, in case they can demonstrate compliance with all mandatory GRIHA criteria.
Can a GRIHA rating be applied for an already build structures?
No, GRIHA in its current version is applicable for new constructions only.
Whom to contact if there is a problem in registering the project online?
Contact at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or call (+91)11 - 40589139, (+91) 11 - 46444500/24339606-08 for any query regarding project registration for GRIHA registration.


What is the registration fee and how is it calculated?
For registration fees here
What are the modes of payment available?
Modes of payment are as follows:-
  • Cheque in name of GRIHA Council
  • DD in favor of GRIHA Council payable at New Delhi
  • Details for online payment are as follows:
Name of A/C Holder: GRIHA Council
Account Number: 62122842289
Name of the bank: State Bank of Hyderabad
Branch name: SCOPE complex, New Delhi-110003
Full address of the bank: SCOPE Complex, Core-67, Institutional Area, Pragati Vihar, New Delhi-110003
Telephone/Fax: 011-24656721
NEFT IFSC code: SBHY0020511
RTGS IFSC Code: SBHY0020511
9 digit MICR code: 110004005
Service Tax Regn. No : AABAA4699MSD002
It is important to disclose the identity of the project proponent.
Is the fee submitted for GRIHA rating refundable?
The fee once deposited is non-refundable


What is a post registration orientation workshop?
Once the project gets registered and the payment is received by GRIHA Council, an orientation workshop for one day is conducted wherein the GRIHA rating system is explained to the entire project management team. Also, in the session the project team fills the target rating sheet, which helps the team to plan the project carefully and economically with regards to the GRIHA rating criteria.
At what stage is the workshop conducted?
The one day orientation workshop is conducted once the project is registered, i.e. client details and fees for private and government projects are received by GRIHA Council.
Who all must participate in the workshop?
GRIHA Council shall arrange for a workshop for the entire project team comprising of the owner, architect, MEP consultants, landscape consultants, project manager, etc., and the green building consultants.
Where is the workshop conducted?
The workshop can be conducted in TERI New Delhi or at the site/office location as preferred by the client.
Is there any additional fee for conducting the workshop?
There are no charges for conducting workshop at TERI New Delhi. If the workshop is to be conducted in any other location, the travel and accommodation of 2 professionals (to & fro) has to be arranged by the project proponent at their cost.
What is the tentative agenda of the workshop?
The workshop serves the dual purpose of awareness of GRIHA system for all involved and identification and evaluation of the optional criteria and applicability check to enhance the rating of the project. The outcome of the workshop shall be a roadmap for the GRIHA rating process along with identification of responsibilities within the project team for various GRIHA criteria. Targeted level of rating is identified for all on the team to design the project and implement accordingly.
Can a CD/soft copy of the presentation for workshop be obtained by the client?
Yes, a copy of the presentation can be obtained from GRIHA Council on request in a pdf format only.
Can the client access the web panel with project detail and how?
Yes, the client can access the web panel with the USER ID and PASSWORD sent to the client after the one day workshop.
Can separate training session be arranged for client’s employees?
Yes, the training session is possible; however a total number of participating candidates should be at least around 25 to 30.


What are the contents of the GRIHA Manual?
The GRIHA manual is a collection of 5 sets of volume developed by GRIHA Council in association with TERI.
The first volume contains details on GRIHA rating system and a brief discussion on each criterion within the rating system.
The second, third and fourth volume contains detail description of each criterion with descriptive procedure for submission of documents to obtain GRIHA rating.
The fifth volume is a guide to the evaluator’s process and the validation of the documentation submitted.
Where can the GRIHA manuals be purchased and what is the cost?
The GRIHA manual volume 1 is available on the site and can be downloaded free of cost. A set of GRIHA manual is provided by GRIHA Council to Associate Members of GRIHA Council and project management team of projects registered for GRIHA rating. However, more copies of the manual can be bought from the TERI press (email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ) at a price of INR 2430/- only (Containing all 5 volumes)..


How does GRIHA Council help the project management team to check that the site work is in compliance with GRIHA criteria?
GRIHA Council conducts 3 mandatory site audits during the construction period of the project. It provides a link between the evaluators and the site construction practices. Also it helps to keep a check of the site construction activity and quality. Generally, as a mandatory procedure 3 site visits are linked with the construction procedure and time line for the project. However, the number of site visits can be increased if a project needs more attention and hand holding to comply with GRIHA criterions.
When is the site audit conducted?
1st site visit is proposed at the time of the foundation building process of the project. This initial period is crucial for checking the green compliance of the project.

2nd site visit is proposed when the superstructure of the project is almost complete.

3rd site visit is the final site visit and conducted when the building is almost complete to check the installation of various systems on site as specified in the documents.
Who conducts the site audit?
The site audit is conducted by GRIHA Council.
Is there any specific agenda checked during the 3 site visits?
1st site audit - The major criteria checked during the site visit include top soil preservation, tree preservation, prevention of air pollution, project management of site and provision of infrastructure facilities to the labor working and living on site.

2nd Site audit - The visit is conducted to ensure compliance with criteria evaluated during the first site visit along with additional construction related criteria such as waste and water management during construction of the project. The site visit helps to keep the site hygienic and clean. It aims at reduce, reuse and refuge factors of green buildings.

3rd Site audit - As the site visit is planned near the completion stage of the project, major points evaluated include the quality of interiors and products utilized in the building. Compliance with other criteria evaluated during previous site visits is also confirmed. A check is also conducted to ensure installation of renewable energy systems and implementation of the requirements needed to meet the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC).
How is the project management team informed about the short comings and recommendations on site?
A brief report (due diligence) is prepared for all the 3 site visits by the coordinators and is uploaded online to the project site. These reports provide a database to both project management team to refer the short comings on the site and the evaluators to judge the development of the site with regards to the 3 site visits.
What are the expenses involved during the site audit process?
The travelling (to and fro) and accommodation expenses for 2 professionals from GRIHA Council has to be arranged by the project proponent at their cost.


When can the project submit the documentation?
The documentation can be submitted when the supporting documents are ready and available to the project proponent.
Can the documentation be submitted in parts?
No. The entire documentation has to be submitted together and cannot be submitted in parts.
What is the evaluation process?
The building is evaluated for GRIHA compliance in a three-tier process.

The GRIHA team conducts the first review the mandatory criteria and may reject a project in the event of non-compliance with mandatory criteria. The team then checks the documentation submitted for the optional criteria. The checking is done by the GRIHA team to ensure that all templates and drawings are filled-in and to ensure that the documentation is complete in all respects (for the attempted criteria). All documents are checked and vetted through the appraisal process as outlined by GRIHA.
The GRIHA team compiles the first evaluation report and sends to the client. The client is required to resubmit details as requested for by the Secretariat in the first evaluation report. The documentation is then sent to the GRIHA evaluators comprising of renowned sector experts from landscape architecture, lighting and HVAC design, renewable energy, water and waste management, and building materials.
The evaluators vet the documentation and independently review the documents for the award of points. The evaluators award provisional points (if documentation is in order as per his/her evaluation) and also comment on specific criteria, if need be. The evaluation report is sent to the project proponent to review the same and, if desired, take steps to increase the score. The report elaborates on the results of the evaluation committee along with its comments. The report also lists the criteria for which the documentation is incomplete/inadequate/inconsistent, detailing all the required information.
The client is allocated one month to resubmit the document with necessary modifications. The resubmitted report should comprise only of additional documents/information desired in the evaluation report, which shall again be put through the vetting process as described above.
The evaluation committee shall then award the final score, which shall be presented to an advisory committee comprising of eminent personalities and renowned professionals in the field for approval and award of rating.
What is the duration of the evaluation process?
The evaluation process is a six week long process at the minimum. However, it may extend depending on the time taken by the client to re-submit information requested by GRIHA Council / GRIHA Evaluator.
How are the documents uploaded online?
The documents are uploaded criterion wise on the internet portal available to the consultant appointed by the client.
Who is an evaluator?
An evaluator is a third party professional who is assigned the responsibility of evaluating documents.
How can one become a GRIHA Evaluator / GRIHA Trainer?
GRIHA Council conducts 3 days Evaluator and Trainers programme across the country. During this programme, participants can take an evaluator or trainer exam.


What is GRIHA provisional rating?
The provisional GRIHA Rating is awarded after complete evaluation of project documentation submitted by the project proponents. The final rating is awarded after the building is fully commissioned as per the design intent and operational for at least 12 months. An energy audit report by an energy auditor accredited by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency needs to be submitted to GRIHA Council to achieve the final rating.


When is the energy audit conducted?
Energy audit is conducted after one year of occupation of the building.
Who conducts the energy audit?
The energy audit is conducted by 3rd party team chosen by the client. The team members of the auditing team should be BEE certified.


Should the project be fully commissioned for GRIHA rating?
Yes, all the renewable energy technologies should be in working condition to be awarded the final GRIHA rating.
What is the time period for which the project GRIHA rating is valid?
The rating once granted is valid for a period for 5 years, after which it has to be renewed.
Are there any products certified by GRIHA Council for GRIHA rated green building?
GRIHA Council, is an independent society for the interaction on scientific and administrative issues related to sustainable habitats in India. GRIHA Council promotes GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) as a design and evaluation tool for green buildings and habitats.


Criteria 5: Reduce hard paving on site

Do you consider precast concrete paver interlocking tiles laid on pathways and approach roads under pervious paving or hard paving?
Precast concrete inter locking pavers would be considered as hard paving.

Criteria 11: Reduce building water use

During monsoon, the potable water demand could be met by rainwater harvesting. Please clarify whether peak rainfall would be considred or the average rainfall. How will the rainwater tank size be calculated?
For rain water storage and harvesting calculations please refer following guidelines -
For storage - The calculation should be done on daily average and proposed storage should have a facility to store minimum of 2 days for daily average rainfall. There should be facility of segregating first flush from the stored rain water.
For harvesting - The calculation should be done on hourly peak and proposed harvesting sizing should be design on the percolation capacity of the soil.

Criteria 13: Optimise building design to reduce conventional energy demand

What is the u value requirement for glazing under GRIHA version 3? When the building is stimulated with a glazing of SHGC - 0.45 in Resbuild India, the percentage savings decrease from 41% to 38% because the base case SHGC is 0.25.
As per GRIHA version 3, there is no mandatory requirement of U value for glazing. However it is a good practice to use low U value glazing material to avoid heat gain inside the building. Percentage reduction shown in toolkit is for a reference building which software automatically assumes based on type of building and climate. However this saving is not GRIHA saving since benchmark EPI for GRIHA is different, and hence it is required to manually calculate the saving for GRIHA consideration.
Can you kindly confirm whether GRIHA requires a project to achieve the 300 lux for the whole space as an average or under the light fixtures where the workstations would be placed?
The space may have varying average lux levels. However, the average lux level in each working plane/zone must adhere to the NBC 2005 levels. Therefore, the office desks should have at least 300 lux level as average and adjoining public area may have 200 lux level as average. Each activity area must meet their respective NBC 2005 lux level and the analysis and documentation will have to be done in that manner. Otherwise, in case of lighting level calculation being done for the entire space, the average lux level must satisfy the space with the highest threshold requirement.
Can the base case be altered to reflect correct savings?
Base case parameters cannot be changed in the software. But different variant can be created and percentage saving between each variant can be looked upon. Please note that as per GRIHA version 3, EPI values can be calculated by using this tool kit by creating design case variant and then manually calculating percentage reduction over benchmark EPI as given in version 3.
Can you clarify about the height element in the formula to calculate daylight coverage?
In GRIHA, the day lit zone area calculation methodology is the same as described in ECBC. AS per ECBC, for calculation of day lit zone, the window height to be considered only for day lit zone calculation is the height of the lintel, of the window, from the floor.

Criteria 14: Optimise energy performance of building within specific comfort limits

The thermal comfort criteria requirement is that 60% of the occupied hours of the building should have an RH of less than 70%. This 70% RH is at what indoor temperature? The RH should ideally relate to an indoor temperature to define comfort conditions. Please provide more clarification on the same.
As per NBC 2005, GRIHA requires for indoor temperature and relative humidity to be below 33 degree Centigrade at 70% RH for at least 60% of total occupied hours for Warm and Humid climates. Please refer to GRIHA Manual Volume 3 for further details on the same.
Can you please clarify on U value constraint of GRIHA?
U value for the glass is not a mandatory requirement of GRIHA.

Criteria 15: Utilisation of fly-ash in building structure

This is regarding clarification on GRIHA C-15 which is about utilization of fly ash in building structure. However, it would be more convenient to use ground granulated blast furnace slag. Is it acceptable?
Yes it is acceptable. Please ensure that the proportions meet GRIHA requirements.
There is an ambiguity with reference to GRIHA Manual, 15.3.2. Please clarify the same.
The calculation, for Appraisal 15.3.2 need to be done based on total volume of fly ash or any BIS approved waste in building blocks. The calculations are to be done against total volume of materials that have been used to construct the walls.


What is SVAGRIHA System?
SVAGRIHA (Simple Versatile Affordable GRIHA) has been designed as an extension of GRIHA for projects with built-up area less than 2,500 sqm. SVAGRIHA can help in design and evaluation of individual residences, small offices, and commercial buildings. The rating comprises of only 14 criteria.
What is the process of SVAGRIHA RATING?
  • Registration of project with GRIHA Council.
  • Online submission of completed calculations, drawings, and other documents as required (quantity estimates) by GRIHA Council.
  • Assessment/review as per SVAGRIHA.
  • Site visit and due diligence check post construction (mandatory) by GRIHA Council.
  • Evaluation by GRIHA certified evaluator.
  • Award of rating by GRIHA Council.
What are the thresholds for different rating levels under SVAGRIHA?

Points achieved













GRIHA Council in association with TERI has developed a new rating system, SVAGRIHA (Simple Versatile Affordable GRIHA), for small projects with built-up area less than 2500 sq.m. This is a design-cum-rating system comprising of 14 criteria. Therefore, it assists the projects to design as well as rate the green building simultaneously.
With respect to the same, you may register your project with SVAGRIHA for the rating.
Please follow the link for more information. You may also contact us for the same.
Please share the details of the registration and certification process of the SVAGRIHA rating system. Can you please clarify if standalone structures, such as a clubhouse in a residential development register for this certification?
Yes, the standalone building in this case can get registered in SVAGRIHA. You may fill up the SVAGRIHA registration form on our website to start the process. Once we receive the completed form, we will get in touch with you for further information and process of the same. The clubhouse in the residential development, can register for this rating.

Please follow the following link to the SVAGRIHA registration form and information on the GRIHA website:


Criteria 1: Reduce exposed, hard paved surface on site and maintain native vegetation cover on site

Is artificial water body counted into softscape area in landscape calculations under SVAGRIHA?
Water bodies are not counted into softscape area in landscape calculations.

Criteria 5: Thermal efficiency of building envelope

If, LPD, EPD, Occupancy are also considered, can we take diversity factor into consideration for calculation?
The calculation formats have already been prepared. Request you to please share the data so that the analysis can be done.
Based on time of the day or season, the amount of heat gain from building envelope changes as a result the threshold changes. Please confirm for which date and month this needs to be calculated?
The calculation formats have already been prepared. Request you to please share the data so that the analysis can be done.

Criteria 6: Use of energy efficient appliances

Is there a need to install separate energy meter for each electrical equipment?
SVAGRIHA does not have such a requirement.


Will the client have to pay again the same fee during phase 2 GRIHA LD certification? The MEP design is being finalized for phase 1 only, but landscape, roads etc. is for the entire master site.
There is a tentative phase 2 plan but we are not focusing on that now. It is hard to exactly isolate phase 1 area as it is an educational campus.
No, the registration fees for phase 2 will be revised. The phase 2 will get registered separately at a later date. Registration fees of phase 2 will have to be paid at that point. The project will not be required to go for master plan rating again.
If a township is awarded a GRIHA - LD rating, do the buildings have to be certified separately as well?
If yes, is the process separate or simultaneous? Will all the documentation have to be done again or the overlapping criteria can be skipped, as most of the points in the LD rating are applicable to buildings?
It is optional for individual buildings, in a GRIHA LD rated neighbourhood, to get a GRIHA rating. In case a GRIHA rating is required for an individual building - coming up within a GRIHA LD rated neighbourhood - then that project can opt to get rated under the GRIHA module for GRIHA LD. The GRIHA module has been designed to rate individual buildings coming up in a GRIHA LD rated campus. The criteria applicable in this case are fewer and the fee is also different. The overlapping criteria have been removed. If the construction of the neighbourhood and the buildings are simultaneous, then the ratings processes will also be simultaneous.
Precertification for GRIHA - LD would also be possible?
The GRIHA LD rating has been designed in parts - master plan rating and rating of each individual phase. The master plan rating in GRIHA LD functions as a pre-certification rating.
How many stages of energy simulation are required?
Apart from outdoor temperature simulation, shading analysis, day lighting analysis, artificial lighting simulation, whole building energy simulation and thermal comfort analysis Will there be any other requirement for simulation?
Renewable energy simulation is also a part of the GRIHA LD rating. Most of the other simulations have been mentioned by you. There are separate calculators being developed to assist in analysis of each independent section.
How many site visits will be made by GRIHA officials and at what stages will there be due diligence report requirements?
There will be a minimum of 1 site visit for the master plan rating and at least 3 site visits for each subsequent stage of construction.
Is there any reference manual specifically for GRIHA - LD which defines the stages of certification in a more detailed and elaborate manner?
At present the GRIHA LD has a single manual. Additionally, the Large Area Development guidelines can be used for reference in the same. Please find below the web link for both.
GRIHA LD manual
Large Area Development Guidelines


Is it possible to certify a school with GRIHA rating system?
Yes, it is possible to get a school certified. GRIHA has a separate rating system called GRIHA Prakriti for schools. GRIHA Prakriti is for existing day schools. New schools may get registered with GRIHA.
What will be the criteria set for the certification of such building.
Please find all the relevant information about criteria and procedures for rating at link


What are the parameters to register products for Green rating?
The product should belong to one of the following to get registered for a green rating:
  • Doors & window
  • False Ceiling
  • Flooring
  • Inbuilt Furniture
  • Insulation
  • Internal Partitions
  • Paneling
  • External shading devices
  • External Glazing Films
  • External Glazing
  • High SRI external paints/ tiles
  • Fly-ash bricks/ AAC Blocks
  • PPC
  • Concrete admixtures
  • Low-energy glass for interior applications
  • Landscape irrigation systems
  • Grass Pavers
  • Cement
  • Walling - blocks/bricks
  • Low-flow fixtures for water conservation
  • Stone - for flooring
  • Low-energy bricks
  • Low-VOC Paints and Coatings - interior as well as exterior
  • Innovation products

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GRIHA Council